14 Nov Asma bint Abi Bakr (r.anha).Part1
There were some bright personalities among female Companions. They tried to learn Islam by facing all kinds of hardships and trouble in the Era of Bliss and formed their lives by it. One of them is Hz. Abu Bakr’s daughter Asma. Hz. Abu Bakr brought up one of her daughters Hz. Aisha in a way that could be a spouse of the Messenger of Allah and he worked very hard to make his other daughter, Asma, serve Islam and belief.
The lesson of belief and Islamic manners Hz. Asma received from her father guided her throughout her life and elevated her to a distinguished rank.
The first service of Hz. Asma to Islam was during the Migration. She did her best to help the Prophet and her father.
When the Prophet was given the permission to migrate, he went to Hz. Abu Bakr’s house, passing by the polytheists; he said to Hz. Abu Bakr that he would migrate and gave him the glad tiding that they would migrate together. Hz. Asma was there when he said this. She became very happy when she heard that his father would accompany the Prophet during the Migration.
She took action at once. She helped the Prophet and her father to prepare food and drink for the journey.
They prepared them quickly. However, they could not find any rope to tie the bag of food and the water-skin. Hz. Asma could not wait any longer. She removed the waistcloth around her waist that she liked very much and tore it into two. She tied the bag of food with one part of it and the water-skin with the other. The Prophet was watching Asma’s sincere deed. He became very happy. He said,
“O Asma! You will be given two waistcloths in Paradise.”
This compliment was very valuable for Asma. She was happy to hear the reward of her deed from the Prophet. From then on, she was called “Dhat an-Nitaqayn” (the Possessor of the Two Waistcloths).
The Prophet and Hz. Abu Bakr were going to leave soon. Abu Bakr (r.a.) took all of his money with him in case they needed it.
His father, Abu Quhafa, who was not a Muslim yet, could not understand the self-sacrifice his son made in the way of Islam. He did not want Hz. Abu Bakr to take all of his wealth with him and to leave his family in poverty; he was muttering to himself. When Hz. Asma heard her grandfather’s words against her father, she felt disturbed. She feared that he would prevent her father from migrating. She thought she needed to do something to silence her grandfather. She picked up some small stones. She put them in the place where her father kept his money. She covered them with a cloth and took her grandfather, who was blind, there. Hz. Asma held his hand and made him touch the cloth and the stones. She said,
“Grandpa! This is what my father left.”
Thereupon, he said,
“There is no problem if he left that.”
After that, he kept silent.
These two muhajirs left Makkah and headed toward the Cave of Thawr after a while. Then, they arrived there. They wanted to stay there for a while.
Meanwhile, the polytheists who found out about the migration of the Messenger of Allah and Hz. Abu Bakr surrounded the area near Hz. Abu Bakr’s house and started to look for them. They wanted to kill them when they found them. They went to Hz. Abu Bakr’s house. Hz. Asma opened the door. She saw the ferocious polytheists but she did not panic. The polytheists were furious. They asked harshly,
“O Abu Bakr’s daughter! Where is your father?”
They thought they would learn where he was from her. However, Hz. Asma was ready to face anything. She would rather die than tell where the Messenger of Allah and her father went. With the courage she took from her belief, she said,
“I do not know where my father is.”
Abu Jahl was there too. He got very angry when he heard her answer. He slapped her on the face. Asma’s earring fell down due to the severity of the blow. Hz. Asma was ready to suffer more for the sake of Allah and His messenger. The polytheists did not want to lose time. They left Abu Bakr’s house realizing that they would not be able to learn anything.
Hz. Asma had fearful moments and prayed Allah Almighty so that the polytheists would not harm the Messenger of Allah and her father. After a while, she became very worried. She went to the Cave of Thawr at night taking some food and water. She had learned some news. She did her best to keep the news in her mind. She acted cautiously so as not to be seen by the polytheists. She reached the Cave of Thawr in excitement. When she saw that the Messenger of Allah, whom she loved more than her own self, and her father were safe and sound, she became very happy. She gave them the food. She told them what she had learnt. Then, she returned to Makkah from the same route without being seen by the polytheists.